Horticultural expo to boost green living

By Huang Yiran and Leng Shumei
A grand international horticultural exhibition, scheduled to kick off on Monday, April 29, is widely seen as the best way to demonstrate China’s achievements and commitment to global ecological construction.
President Xi Jinping attended the opening ceremony on Sunday evening, calling for the pursuit of harmony between man and nature.
Xi said that the overall balance of the Earth’s ecology should be maintained, so that the starry sky, lush mountains and floral fragrance will be retained for future generations who will enjoy material prosperity at the same time, the Xinhua News Agency reported. 
Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets and improving ecological environment is increasing productivity, Xi said.
The theory was first raised by Xi in 2005 during an inspection tour to Anji, East China’s Zhejiang Province. Xi reaffirmed the theory during several inspection tours after the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was convened in 2012.
He proposed embracing simple, moderate, green and low-carbon ways of life, and making the idea of ecological and environmental conservation the mainstream culture in society.
This is the second high-level horticultural expo held in China after the first one hosted in Kunming, capital of Southwest China’s Yunnan Province in 1999.
The expo is being held at a 503-hectare site at the foot of the Great Wall in Beijing’s Yanqing district, which is a national progress demonstration district and an innovative base for practicing the theory of “lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets,” an expo brochure reads. 
From April 29 until October 7, more than 16 million visitors are expected at the expo, which will host 2,500 activities, including academic conferences, horticulture competitions and flower parades, officials from the organizing committee said at a press conference on Thursday, April 25. 
Eighty-six countries and regions, as well as 24 international organizations, will display horticultural arts alongside domestic exhibitors from 31 provincial-level administrations, officials said.
The expo will provide opportunities for the world to see what China has achieved as there are many greening programs around Beijing, such as the Three-North Shelterbelt Forest Program, said Ding Yifan, a research fellow of the Institute of World Development at the State Council’s Development Research Center.
“It will also be a platform for different countries to exchange experiences in green development,” Ding said.
The Three-North Shelterbelt Forest Program – dubbed the Great Green Wall – was launched in 1978 to halt desertification and provide a green buffer zone from China’s arid northern regions. The project had rehabilitated 33.6 million hectares of desert land as of November 2018, China Central Television (CCTV) reported. 
Geng Liwen, an expo volunteer from the Beijing Forestry University, told the Global Times on April 28 that she is happy to see more Chinese people paying attention to the idea of green development. “This will benefit sectors related to forestry, including parks and city planning,” she said.
Green ideology
One of the keys to China’s great achievement in green development is participation by governments, business and local residents, Ding said.
China accelerated the promotion of green development after the 18th CPC National Congress. Since then, it had implemented more than 40 plans, including establishing an accountability system, a national park system and cracking down on imports of foreign waste to enhance construction of an ecological civilization, the People’s Dailyreported on April 28.
Between 2013 and 2018, China reforested 40 million hectares, boosting the country’s total forest coverage to 215 million hectares, said the report.
This year also marks the 40th anniversary of China’s National Tree Planting Day, which takes place every year on March 12. In the past 40 years, China’s forest area and forest stock volume have doubled, the Xinhua News Agency reported.
The proportion of China’s contribution to the world’s vegetation increase also ranks first. A NASA report released in February revealed that China accounted for at least one-fourth of the 5 percent increase in global green leaf areas between 2000 and 2017, although this also includes cropland. 
Chinese enterprises also showed innovation in mobilizing Chinese people to plant trees.
For example, Alipay, the mobile and online payment service of China’s e-commerce giant Alibaba Group Holding, launched a program in 2016 to help users to plant real trees in arid areas by collecting virtual energy points through a low-carbon lifestyle. The program had planted more than 55 million trees covering about 507 square kilometers across China as of February.
Besides planting trees, efforts have also been made in China to adjust the energy structure and control industrial discharge. The proportion of coal consumption has decreased by 1.4 percent to 59 percent of the country’s total energy consumption in 2018, according to the National Bureau of Statistics.
Source: Global Times

At the International Pavilion of the 2019 Expo, 94 “flower umbrellas” are clustered together to form a white flower sea. (Photo by Weng Qiyu from People’s Daily Online)

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